Characteristics and description of the standard tomato variety Nastenka

Characteristics and description of the standard tomato variety Nastenka


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As a result of the breeding work carried out in 2008, the determinant standard tomato variety Nastenka was obtained. Most gardeners opt for this hybrid variety for high yield rates. and the ability to grow in any climatic conditions. Description and characteristics of the hybrid variety Nastenka are presented below.

Description and characteristics of the tomato variety Nastenka

Tomato Nastenka belongs to the mid-early ripening varieties. From germination to fruiting, 95-105 days pass.

A plant up to 70 cm high forms compact upright shrub bushes that do not require additional supports. Small leaves with corrugated edges, colored green. Abundant foliage densely covers the stems. The inflorescence of this variety is simple, and the stalk is articulated. The first inflorescences are laid after 10-12 leaves, subsequent ones - after 2-3 sheets from the previous one. The main shoot stops growing after the bush forms 12 inflorescences. The plant has many ovaries, so as it ripens, you need to constantly pluck the ripe fruits, thereby allowing the next to ripen more actively.

Fruits are round in shape, at the time of maturity they have a delicate pink color. Tomatoes of medium size at the stage of technical ripeness have a weight of 150-200 g. They are distinguished by their meatiness, juiciness and good taste.

Advantages and disadvantages

Despite the fact that the Nastya variety is considered new, he has already managed to win the love of many gardeners, both beginners and experienced, thanks to his positive characteristics:

  • high yield indicators, with proper care and comfortable conditions, it can give up to 10-12 kg per 1m2;
  • the possibility of growing as in greenhouse conditions and on open land plots;
  • ability to set fruit in any climatic zone, perfect for cultivation in the regions of Siberia, as it perfectly tolerates all the vagaries of the weather;
  • early maturity and uniformity of fruiting throughout the growing season;
  • resistance to major diseases tomatoes, especially to late blight, which greatly facilitates the work of the summer resident;
  • enough long storage period, since the fruits do not wither and do not crack;
  • suitable for use fresh, blanks for the winter and preparation of various dishes, which gives a piquant taste and specific aroma.

The disadvantages of the variety include:

  • need for large quantities mineral fertilizers;
  • knowledge of certain rules and skills when growing seedlings.

Features of growing and planting

When choosing this variety of tomatoes, you should familiarize yourself not only with its strengths and weaknesses, but also with the rules of agricultural technology and care for it.

Soil requirements for planting

Preparing the soil for seedlings is considered an important point when growing tomatoes. Since it is possible to get strong seedlings with stable active growth only if there is a nutritious soil substrate, it is better to buy it in the store, choosing a universal primer or a special one, intended for the cultivation of tomatoes. You can also make your own potting mix. To do this, it is necessary to combine the garden soil with sand, compost and peat and add a complex of fertilizers containing potash and phosphorus substances.

Before transplanting seedlings into open ground, you need to take care of choosing a place and soil on which the future harvest of a vegetable crop will depend.

Preference should be given to sunny areas that are protected from cold winds.

You can not cultivate a culture in low, damp areas where groundwater is close. It is necessary to choose a sandy-clay soil, which holds moisture well or loamy soil equipped with organic matter.

Sowing rules

The optimal time for growing seedlings - end of February - early March.

Seeds purchased in specialized stores do not need to be soaked and processed in order to prevent diseases, since they undergo these procedures by an industrial method.

Tomato seeds should be sown in special containers or boxes. A mandatory requirement for containers is the presence of drainage holes to drain excess moisture from the roots of the plant.

A step-by-step guide to planting seeds:

  1. To the bottom of the containers put drainage in a layer of 1-2 cm, then pour the prepared soil substrate and water well using warm water.
  2. When moisture is absorbed sow planting material to a depth of 1-2 cmkeeping a distance between the seeds of 2 cm.
  3. Sprinkle with a thin layer moist fertile soil and moisten with a spray bottle.
  4. After the end of the planting process put the container in a well-lit room with a temperature of 22-25̊ С, having previously covered them with a film material.
  5. When friendly shoots appear you need to remove the film, lower the temperature to 17-18̊ С and carry out moderate watering, as waterlogging can cause the death of plants.
  6. Seedlings need to dive in separate containers at an early stage of growth during the formation of 2-3 true leaves.

Transplanting tomatoes into open ground

A favorable period for planting seedlings on an open land bed is the beginning of May, after the air warms up to a temperature of 12 degrees and above. The planting process is best done in the morning in cloudy weather, so that the plants have the opportunity to grow stronger. By the time of planting, the seedlings should be 60-65 days old and have 6-8 leaves and 1-2 flower brushes.

The main stages of planting:

  1. Before disembarking water the seedlings well, which will help to remove the seedlings from the containers without damaging the bark system.
  2. Make holes deep on a shovel bayonet and fill them with water. For planting work, you can apply a 70x40 scheme, which means a planting density of 4 plants per 1 m2.
  3. When the moisture is absorbed, remove the seedlings from the containers and deepen vertically into the ground.
  4. Sprinkle the roots with soil... Then scatter compost around the stem and cover the hole with earth, carefully tamping it.
  5. At the end of the landing pour each tomato bush with 1 liter of water.

Under comfortable climate conditions and proper care, the first tomatoes will appear in early June.

Variety care after transplanting

Excellent results in increasing yields and increasing the fruiting period are given by correct timely care, which includes the implementation of the following activities:

  • moisturize a moderately calculated amount of warm water;
  • regularly feed the plantusing complex fertilizers;
  • during the period of active growth weed from weeds, loosen the soil so that it is always loose and clean;
  • remove bottom leaves to increase growth and better ventilation of the bushes;
  • realize preventive measures to protect crops from diseases and pests;
  • in the harsh Siberian climate mulch the soil with straw or grassso that the root system does not freeze.

The main thing is to carry out the procedures, observing all the rules and recommendations of experienced gardeners.

Diseases and their prevention

When growing, a crop needs care and attention. Even with good care, the grower can be left without a crop due to the influence of viruses, bacteria, fungi or pests. Diseases of tomatoes progress gradually, and often the gardener cannot detect the problem early on.

Dangerous pests that bring irreparable harm to the culture - spider mite and whitefly.

Common diseases affecting fruits include tobacco mosaic virus and late blight. According to the description, the Nastena variety has immunity against these diseases. But the ability to resist disease does not mean that a culture cannot be infected at all. Basically, weak plants or tomatoes are at risk, which are cultivated in violation of the characteristics of agricultural technology.

To prevent the onset of signs of any disease, it is necessary to organize competent care of the bushes and regularly carry out visual examinations of the plants. Preventive spraying with fungicides will also not hurt.

Tomato harvest and storage rules

The fruits can be picked at different ripeness depending on the weather and the way of use. Tomatoes, eaten immediately, should be picked when ripe, and for storage - at the stage of blanche ripeness.... The advantage of this harvest is to create a comfortable environment for the growth and maturation of the rest of the specimens.

The main thing is not to miss the deadlines for the final cleaning. Harvest as long as the air temperature at night is above 7-8 ̊С. At low temperatures, there is a risk of tomato diseases., which can cause them to deteriorate if preserved.

Tomatoes plucked at the stage of full maturity need to be applied in the next three days, and green ones need to be stored for storage.

In order for the crop to ripen and not deteriorate, you need to observe several rules during storage:

  • store only fruits harvested in dry weather and without any damage, stains and foreign inclusions;
  • the stalk should be left on the fruit - this will help to increase the shelf life for the longest possible period;
  • harvest put in strong containerscovered with soft materials from the inside;
  • choose a dark, dry ventilated room, the temperature indicators of which are not higher than 23̊ С, and the optimum humidity is 80-85%.

The cultivation of the tomato variety Nastenka will bring maximum pleasure to every gardener... Vegetable culture will generously reward for care and attention with a rich harvest of juicy, tasty and aromatic tomatoes.


Description of the tomato variety "Nastenka": key characteristics

The tomato "Nastenka" obtained by hybridization is a good solution for young gardeners who are just starting to grow tomatoes in their area and do not know where to start. This variety is not too whimsical and it will be easy for even the most inexperienced person to grow it, because this variety can grow even with mistakes in cultivation and care. The information below will help you avoid many mistakes when growing this tomato.

This variety does not require special care, but if you do not follow the minimum care recommendations, there is a risk of ruining it. To prevent this from happening, carefully read the key information about the plant, the rules for planting and growing, also look at the tips and reviews of gardeners, they will help you learn the main points about the plant, as well as some tricks that will allow you to grow this plant in an easier way. ...


Description and characteristics of the variety

The Tomato variety Khelnok was created in the early 90s of the last century by breeders of the Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing. It was entered for variety testing in 1993. In 1997, it was adopted by the State Register and recommended for open ground in the West Siberian, Volgo-Vyatka and Central regions.

According to gardeners, the Shuttle bears fruit well in greenhouses, where it grows higher, and gives a greater yield than in the garden.

Description of bushes

The variety forms a determinant standard bush. The first brush extends over 6 or 7 sheets, the next - through 1-2 plates. The plant is erect, with a small number of stepchildren, medium leafy. Height:

  • in the open field - 40-45 cm
  • when grown in greenhouses - 60-80 cm.

The shoots are thick, strong, bend under the weight of the tomatoes, but do not break. Dark green leaves of medium size, with well-defined veins and a corrugated surface.

Fruit characteristics

The shuttle tomatoes are collected in a simple brush of 7-10 pieces. As you can see in the photo, they are red, small in size, have the shape of an elongated irregular oval with a spout at the top, like a plum. The surface is smooth, shiny, the peel is thick, does not crack during heat treatment, there are 2 or 3 chambers.

  • 50-60 g on lower hands
  • not less than 23-25 ​​g - in the last fruits.

Tomatoes are dense, sometimes white veins are present inside closer to the tail. This can happen:

  • when grown in hot conditions
  • due to lack of potassium and calcium
  • from excess nitrogen in dressings.

Shuttle tomatoes are suitable for fresh consumption and all types of processing. The taste of the fruits is good, they are perfectly transported, ripened indoors, they lie for a long time without losing their marketable and consumer qualities.

Ripening time and yield

The shuttle is an early tomato, from the moment of pecking the seeds to the appearance of the first red fruits, according to the State Register, it takes from 82 to 121 days. This difference is due to differences in climate and growing conditions. Those who planted the Shuttle claim that, on average, before the first harvest takes place:

  • in greenhouses - 98 days
  • on open beds - 110 days.

Fruiting is extended. Tomatoes ripen all summer until frost. The last tomatoes are picked green or brown from frozen bushes and ripened indoors.

Productivity in private farms - 7-8 kg / sq. m in the open field. For bushes about 45 cm high, the result is excellent.

When grown on industrial plantations, the Khelnok tomato showed itself well, everywhere it gave more fruits than the control varieties. But its yield is very different depending on the place of planting:

  • the minimum harvest was in the Central region - 22.6-26.9 tons per hectare
  • the maximum tomato produced in the Omsk region - 79.2 t / ha
  • in the Volga-Vyatka region, the yield was 22-44.1 t / ha
  • The largest spread of the Shuttle showed in Western Siberia - from 16 to 41.2 tons per hectare.


Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

One of the main advantages of the Nasten hybrid is low maintenance and very large yields. You can grow these bushes not only in greenhouses, but also in the beds. Despite the fact that in this case fewer tomatoes are harvested, the yield is still acceptable.

Nasten tomatoes can ripen both on the bush and in darkened places after harvest

  • good harvest
  • ripens after 3-3.5 months
  • disease resistance and unpretentiousness
  • no need to pinch
  • grows both in greenhouses and in garden beds
  • excellent presentation
  • acceptable taste
  • the bush is not compact, takes up little space
  • it is convenient to store and transport without loss of taste and attractive appearance.
  • sometimes it is necessary to carry out partial pinching
  • bushes need tying
  • some summer residents note that the taste is good, but not bright enough.

Variety care recommendations

Even summer residents who have never planted thermophilic vegetables can grow a tomato Nastenka. Caring for tomatoes after planting includes:

  • fertilizer:
  • hilling
  • disease prevention
  • pest control.

3 or 4 stems are left to form a bush. Tomatoes bear fruit when planted in an area illuminated by the sun.

Watering

Tomatoes are irrigated no more than once a week with warm, settled water. The damp earth is huddled, which helps to strengthen the roots, and weeds are pulled out.

Top dressing

Tomatoes need certain nutrients throughout the growing season.

Fertilize the Nastenka variety at least 3 times over the summer:

  • 2 weeks after planting in the garden
  • when buds appear
  • during the laying of the ovary.

When the tomatoes take root in a new place, stir a spoonful of ammonium nitrate in a bucket of water, add a liter under the plant. Diluted manure or chicken droppings are applied under the bushes when buds begin to appear.During the formation of the ovary, complex mineral mixtures are used.

Stepson and tying

When Nastenka's tomatoes are planted in an open area, the bushes do not grow, the side shoots are not removed. In order for the branches to be able to hold the fruits, the lashes are fixed to the pegs; when growing a tomato in a greenhouse, some of the stepsons are cut off.


Variety characteristics

  • The variety is high-yielding. So, from one square meter, you can get up to 12 kg.
  • The advantage of the tomato is in its early ripening period. For this, summer residents are very fond of him, because the first crop can be harvested just 80 days after the seedlings sprout.
  • The bush grows compactly up to 70 cm in height and is semi-determinate. You don't need to tie it up.
  • Abundant green foliage densely covers the branches.
  • The fruits are small - 120-200 grams each, which makes the variety very convenient for whole-fruit canning for the winter.
  • The taste of tomatoes is pleasant, the aroma is tomato. Used for fresh food, for preservation, for making juices.
  • It perfectly tolerates weather adversities, grows well in cool conditions.
  • The variety has a high resistance to diseases, and, most importantly, to late blight, which is important. This greatly facilitates the work of the summer resident.
  • What else makes the work easier is that you do not need to pinch the bushes.
  • Stores well and is easy to transport.
  • Unpretentious in terms of climate and soil.

Characteristics and description of the tomato variety Nastenka, its yield

It is important for summer residents to have in the garden such a variety as Nastenka's tomato, moderately whimsical, fruitful and tastes good. Having collected a large harvest of ripe tomatoes, they are also used for salting, prepared in their own juice, gelatin. They are good and fresh. Despite her selective youth, Nastenka has firmly won a place of honor in the beds.

Description of the variety

Tomatoes were called a beautiful female name for a reason. Nastenka's fruits are not striking in their size, they are modest in size, reaching from one hundred to two hundred grams. And the standard bush itself reaches a height of about seventy centimeters.

But outwardly, tomato bushes are compact, the stems are covered with dense foliage. They can be used to decorate the site. And the oblong red fruits make the bushes even more elegant. Since the tomato variety Nastenka belongs to early ripening, the harvest time is in mid-June. The ripeness of the fruit is determined by its rich pink color. Their taste is excellent - truly tomato, with a high sugar content. The pulp of tomatoes is tender, juicy. The fruit has more than six seed nests.

The preservation of the presentation of the tomato is high, so tomatoes can be grown for sale. Due to the compactness of the bush, even in a small area, enough plants are planted, giving from one square meter to ten to twelve kilograms.

Characteristics of a semi-determinant plant

The word determinant means limited in growth. Those who grew the variety Nastenka know that as soon as a flower ovary appears at the end of the stem, it stops growing. Therefore, the strongest shoot, located below the central shoot, begins to develop further.

  • seedlings - their cotyledonous knee expands and is no more than one or three centimeters long
  • the formation of the first flower brush - it appears after the seventh to eighth true leaf
  • the bookmark of flower brushes in adult tomatoes - two to three leaves between the brushes
  • restriction of growth after the formation of ten or twelve hands.

Since Nastena belongs to the standard types of vegetable plants, the thickened central stem does not need a garter. It holds itself perfectly straight, not bending under the weight of the fruit.

Pros, cons of the determinant

Positive aspects can be distinguished from the characteristics and description of the Nastenka variety:

  1. Due to the frequency with which flower clusters appear, tomatoes ripen faster.
  2. The number of fruits is more on one bush, hence the yield is higher.
  3. Pink fruits ripen amicably, as the brushes are tied at the same time.

The minuses of the semi-determinant variety include:

  • predisposition to disease
  • compulsory work on the introduction of mineral fertilizers
  • pinching the plant due to the congestion of the bush with stems and fruits.

All the disadvantages of the variety are associated with the requirements for tomato care.

Features of plant care

The Nastenka variety is grown in a seedling way. Seedlings begin to cook in March, and in mid-April they are planted in a greenhouse, in early May - in open ground. It is important that the seedlings are ready for transplanting. Readiness is determined by the presence of six to eight leaves and one flower cluster on the stem. The permissible planting rate is considered to be up to six bushes per square meter.

Tomatoes are demanding care, consisting of:

  • moderate but regular watering
  • application of mineral fertilizers
  • weeding
  • hilling
  • removing dry leaves
  • timely collection of fruits.

It is imperative to remove stepchildren from a plant if it is planted in a greenhouse. Usually a bush of three stems is formed, then fruiting will be active.

Mineral dressing for tomatoes

Variety Nastenka is especially picky about mineral fertilizers:

  1. Phosphorus is essential for strengthening the root system. It is contained in superphosphates up to fifty percent, phosphates - up to twenty. The use of phosphoric flour or precipitate is common.
  2. To improve the growth of tomatoes, active fruit setting, nitrogen is needed, which is contained in ammonium nitrate and urea.
  3. Strengthens the immunity of plants, their resistance to diseases, increases the palatability of tomatoes, potassium.

Microelements are introduced in the complex. First, in the spring, the soil is fertilized with a phosphorus-potassium mixture. The prepared soil will help the vegetable root system develop faster.

Under the root, or spraying the foliage, from five to six dressings are applied during the growing season:

  • ten days after planting with nitrophoska solution
  • repeat the procedure after two weeks
  • after picking - superphosphate and potassium sulfate
  • ten days later - with a solution of ammonium nitrate (10 grams per bucket of water)
  • spraying with a solution of urea, superphosphate
  • after the appearance of the first brush - with a solution of azofoska
  • for quick ripening, tomatoes are poured with a superphosphate solution and potassium salt.

The vegetable plant itself will tell about the lack of any mineral. If the leaves turn yellow, and the stem is elongated, then it is urgent to feed with nitrogen.

The lack of phosphorus is indicated by twisted leaves, purple color of the stem. Potash fertilization is necessary if, in addition to foliage twisting, a brown border appears on the leaf plate.

An overdose of minerals is just as dangerous as a lack of them.

Testimonials

According to gardeners, Nastenka's tomatoes have a lot of advantages. It is necessary to organize proper care for them, observe the terms of planting in a greenhouse and open ground. They will be able to resist diseases if they are watered on time, actively fed. Many reviews say: when I planted a variety of tomatoes, I did not think that I would grow annually. But the variety is so fond of that there is not a single vegetable grower who would not give him a place in his garden.


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